Dietitian CE

The Relationship Between Perceived Stress, Unhealthy Eating Behaviors, and Severe Obesity

1. Severely obese individuals experience which serious health complication?

A. Diabetes

B. Hypertension

C. Hyperlipidemia

D. Reductions in life expectancy

E. All of the above

2. Stress has been associated with weight gain and with potentially obesogenic eating behaviors, including:

A. Higher energy intake

B. Increased saturated fat and sugar intake

C. Poor diet quality

D. All of the above

3. Stress increases physiologic responses that are independent of eating behaviors and diet.

A. True

B. False

4. Cortisol increases:

A. Lipogenesis

B. Gluconeogenesis

C. Proteolysis

5. Higher perceived stress versus normal stress has been associated with all of the following, except for:

A. Worse diet quality

B. Greater intake of snack foods

C. Greater intake of fruit

D. Increased disinhibition

E. Binge eating

6. Of the three eating behavior constructs, _____ has been associated with excess body weight.

A. Restraint

B. Disinhibition

C. Hunger

D. All of the above

7. Restraint strongly predicts weight gain and current BMI in adult women.

A. True

B. False

8. Physiologic stress responses increase activation of the central sympathetic nervous system and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis, which can increase cortisol secretions that then is followed by visceral fat accumulation.

A. True

B. False

9. In a sample of low-income women with children, perceived stress was directly and positively associated with all of the following, except:

A. Severe obesity

B. Unhealthy eating behaviors

C. Weight status through eating behaviors and diet quality

D. All of the above were directly and positively associated with perceived stress

10. This study’s findings support that women who are stressed are more likely to have emotional and uncontrolled eating behaviors.

A. True

B. False

11. This study observed indirect pathways from stress to severe obesity through eating behaviors and higher stress was associated with lower diet quality.

A. True

B. False

12. Which of the following has been found to have a strong predictor of poor diet quality and high BMI?

A. Depression

B. Anxiety

C. Post-traumatic stress disorder

D. All of the above

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